Panel #1:    Future Directions: Convergence through the Cloud-to-Thing Continuum


Sunday, January 8th   |    Flamingo Hotel  |  2:30 PM - 4:00 (or 4:30) PM

Session Chairs:

* Doug Zuckerman, Doug Zuckerman, IEEE Communications Society President Emeritus (USA)

An active volunteer for more than 30 years, Doug Zuckerman is a past IEEE Division III (Communications Technology) Director, was 2008-2009 President of the IEEE Communications Society, and previously held leadership positions in conferences, publications and membership development. He received his B.S., M.S. and Eng.Sc.D degrees from Columbia University, USA, and is an IEEE Life Fellow. His professional experience, mainly at Bell Labs and Telcordia Technologies, USA, spans the operations, management and engineering of emerging communications technologies, networks and applications. His work heavily influenced early standards for management of telecommunications networks. Presently semi-retired, he is still active in standards as a representative to the OpenFog Consortium where as a board member. He is also a consulting employee for Vencore Labs. He currently serves on the IEEE Communications Society’s Board of Governors and the IEEE Future Directions Committee.

* Kathy Grise, IEEE Future Directions Senior Program Manager (USA)

She supports new technology initiatives, and is the IEEE staff program director for the Big Data Initiative, Smart Materials Initiative, the IEEE Technology Navigator, and manages the digital presence team for Future Directions. Prior to joining the IEEE staff, Ms. Grise held numerous positions at IBM, and most recently was a Senior Engineering Manager for Process Design Kit Enablement in the IBM Semiconductor Research and Development Center. Ms. Grise led the overall IT infrastructure implementation, and software development in support of semiconductor device modeling verification, packaging, and delivery; device measurement and characterization data collection and management, and automation for device modeling engineers. Ms. Grise is a graduate of Washington and Jefferson College, and an IEEE Senior member.


* Mung Chiang, Arthur LeGrand Doty Professor of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University (USA)
Title: CEAL: Why Fog is a Necessity

ABSTRACT: Is Fog essential to IoT, 5G and embedded AI? We will explore four dimensions of unique advantages offered by Fog: Cognition, Efficiency, Agility and Latency, using examples from recent research from Princeton Edge Lab.


BIO: Mung Chiang is the Arthur LeGrand Doty Professor of Electrical Engineering at Princeton University. His research on networking received the 2013 Alan T. Waterman Award, the highest honor to US young scientists and engineers. His textbook “Networks: Friends, Money and Bytes” and online course reached 250,000 students since 2012. He founded the Princeton EDGE Lab in 2009, which bridges the theory-practice gap in edge networking research by spanning from proofs to prototypes. He co-founded a few startups in mobile, IoT and big data areas and co-founded the Open Fog Consortium. Chiang is the Director of Keller Center for Innovations in Engineering Education at Princeton University and the inaugural Chairman of Princeton Entrepreneurship Council.

* Tao Zhang, Cisco, Board Director of Open Fog Consortium (USA)

ABSTRACT: Moving computing, control, and storage into the Cloud has been a key trend in the past decade. However, Cloud alone is encountering growing limitations in supporting many new systems and applications such as the Internet of Things (IoT), 5G wireless systems, distributed data analytics, embedded AI, and more. Addressing the growing need for distributed computing requires a new paradigm – Fog, which can dynamically distribute computing, storage, communication, and control services closer to the users, to the network edge or anywhere along the Cloud-to-Thing continuum that can best meet user requirements. Many new challenges arise in enabling Fog computing and services, creating a fertile ground for innovation. What Fog architectures make the most sense? How should Fog interact with Cloud? How to enable scalable, manageable, and reliable distributed Fog systems and services? How to secure such Fog systems and services? The list continues. Addressing these challenges necessitates rethinking of the end-to-end computing, networking, and control architectures. In this talk, I will discuss what Fog is, how it complements and differs from other related technologies and initiatives, how it can help address some critical challenges we face, and what the global industry-academia consortium – Open Fog Consortium (OpenFog) – is doing to accelerate Fog development and adoption.

BIO: Dr. Tao Zhang, an IEEE Fellow, joined Cisco in 2012 as the Chief Scientist for Smart Connected Vehicles and has since also been leading the creation of strategies, technology, and eco-systems for the Internet of Things and Fog Computing. Prior to Cisco, he was Chief Scientist and Director of Vehicular Networking, and Director of Mobile Networks at Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bell Communications Research or Bellcore). For over 25 years, Dr. Zhang has been in various technical and executive positions, directing research and product development in areas including vehicular networks, all-IP cellular networks (3G/4G), and fiber optic networks. Dr. Zhang co-founded, and is a Board Director for, the Open Fog Consortium. He is the CIO and a Board Governor of the IEEE Communications Society. He co-founded and was a founding Board Director for the Connected Vehicle Trade Association (CVTA). Dr. Zhang holds over 50 US patents and has co-authored two books “Vehicle Safety Communications: Protocols, Security, and Privacy” (2012) and “IP-Based Next Generation Wireless Networks” (2004), both published by John Wiley & Sons.

* Thomas Coughlin, President, Coughlin Associates (USA)

ABSTRCT: Although today’s consumer devices have more processing power, storage and connectivity (or perhaps because of it); they are dependent upon applications and services run from the remote data centers (the cloud). As connected intelligent consumer devices proliferate there will also be demand for local edge computing resources (fog or edge devices such as home gateways) that can provide local processing and aggregation services as well as protecting the privacy of individuals. We will look at the trends in local connectivity and connected consumer devices, these trends will drive a future that will safely incorporate the Internet of Things into our homes, our cars, our clothes and our bodies.

BIO: Tom Coughlin, President, Coughlin Associates is a widely respected digital storage analyst as well as business and technology consultant. He has over 35 years in the data storage industry with multiple engineering and management positions at high profile companies. Dr. Coughlin has many publications and six patents to his credit. Tom is also the author of Digital Storage in Consumer Electronics: The Essential Guide, which was published by Newnes Press. Coughlin Associates provides market and technology analysis as well as Data Storage Technical and Business Consulting services. Tom publishes the Digital Storage Technology Newsletter, the Media and Entertainment Storage Report, the Emerging Non-Volatile Memory Report and other industry reports. Tom is also a regular contributor on digital storage for and other blogs. Tom is active with SMPTE, SNIA, the IEEE (he is Director for IEEE Region 6 and active in the Consumer Electronics Society where he is chairman of the Future Directions Committee) and other professional organizations. Tom is the founder and organizer of the Annual Storage Visions Conference (), a partner to the International Consumer Electronics Show, as well as the Creative Storage Conference (). He is the general chairman of the annual Flash Memory Summit. He is a Senior member of the IEEE, Leader in the Gerson Lehrman Group Councils of Advisors and a member of the Consultants Network of Silicon Valley (CNSV). For more information on Tom Coughlin and his publications go to

* David G. Belanger, Senior Research Fellow, Stevens Institute of Technology, former Vice President: Information, Software, & Systems Research, AT&T Labs (USA)

ABSTRACT:  Panel Title: Future Directions: Convergence through the Cloud-to-Thing Continuum Subtitle: Big Data and Fog Abstract: We are on the verge of yet another quantum leap, enabled by new communications technology such as 5G/SDN/NFV/IoT, in the amount of data available for analysis. In parallel, technology, analytics/visualization, and governance to take advantage of the multiple V’s have evolved at a very rapid pace. The technologies are typically oriented to using parallelism and distribution to manage scale and complexity without exploding cost, and they have matured into a second generation in which the tools, often open source, are accessible to a wide variety of users. A number of examples of application types, e.g. detecting rare events or recommender systems, using big data that would have been too costly or too difficult prior to it, have become common place. The leap in communication capability has also led to interest in Fog Computing for edge storage nd analytics, which will add new applications while challenging the existing technologies and processes. This presentation looks at the potential interaction of evolving big data techniques and distributing computing over a cloud-to-thing continuum

BIO: David Belanger is currently a Senior Research Fellow at Stevens Institute of Technology. He continues his work in Big Data Technology, Applications, and Governance, and is a leader in the Business Intelligence & Analysis Masters Degree program, He also leads the IEEE Big Data Initiative ( Dr. Belanger retired as Chief Scientist of AT&T Labs, and Vice President of Information, Software, & Systems Research. He created the AT&T InfoLab, a very early (1995) participant in “Big Data” research and practice. Prior to that, he led the Software Engineering Research Department at Bell Labs. He holds a PhD in Mathematics from Case Western Reserve University. Awards include: AT&T Science and Technology Medal for contributions in very large scale information mining technology; AT&T Fellow for “lifetime contributions in software, software tools, and information mining”; and the IEEE Communications Society Industrial Innovator Award. Belanger currently holds 31 awarded patents

* Robert S. Fish, President Netovations and IEEE Communications Society VP Industry and Standards (USA)

ABSTRACT: For the continued success of Fog Computing and Networking, it may be necessary to standardize some elements of the technology. Standardization promotes interoperation and lowers costs for technology adoption on an industry-wide basis. The IEEE provides an end-to-end ecosystem for technology development that includes a globally recognized standardization process. Here we outline the paths through the IEEE standardization process that are open to participants in the Fog technology universe.


BIO:  Dr. Robert S. Fish is Vice President of Industry and Standards Activities of the IEEE Communications Society (ComSoc). He is also a faculty member in the Computer Science Department of Princeton University as well as President of NETovations, LLC, a consulting company focused on the creation of communications and networking technology innovation. From 2007 to 2010, he was Chief Product Officer and Senior VP at Mformation, Inc. a company specializing in carrier software for mobile device management. From 1997 to 2007, Rob was Vice President and Managing Director of Panasonic US R&D laboratories working on embedding networking into consumer devices. Prior to this, he was Executive Director, Multimedia Communications Research at Bellcore/Telcordia after starting his career at Bell Laboratories. Besides his many publications, Dr. Fish has been awarded 17 patents. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University.

Pushing computing, control, data storage and processing into the Cloud has been a trend in the past decade. However, the Cloud alone is encountering growing limitations in meeting the many new requirements of the emerging Internet of Things (IoT), such as meeting stringent latency requirements, supporting the vast number and variety of resource constrained devices, overcoming the bandwidth and cost constraints for long-haul communications, dealing with ever growing types and quantities of Big Data, and addressing many new IoT security challenges that cannot be adequately addressed by the existing security paradigms. To fill the technology gaps, the Cloud needs to descend to the network edge and sometimes diffuse onto end user devices, which forms the Fog. Fog computing distributes computing, storage, control, and smart networking services closer to the end users, including Consumers. Instead of concentrating data and computation in a small number of large Clouds, Fog computing envisions many Fog systems deployed physically or logically close to the end users or where computing and intelligent networking can best meet user needs. Fog computing presents a new architectural vision where distributed edge and user devices collaborate with each other and with the Cloud to carry out computing, control, smart networking, and data storage tasks. Fog computing is seeing rapidly increasing applications in, and demands from, many industries from manufacturing to smart cities to connected transportation to smart grids to e-health and oil and gas. The Fog will serve as a platform for 5G, IoT, Big Data Analytics as well as other emerging disruptive communications and networking paradigms. For example, Big Data Analytics may benefit from dynamically distributing processing across the "Cloud-Thing Continuum" (e.g., continuum from set-top boxes and 5G smartphones, to network, to servers in distant data centers). rather than just in the Cloud. On the journey to realizing Fog computing, many new challenges will be encountered. For example, what Fog computing architectures make the most sense? How will Fog computing influence networking? How should the Fog interact with the Cloud? How should we compose, deploy, and manage distributed Fog services and applications? How do we enable highly scalable and manageable Fog networks and systems? How must we secure Fog computing and networking systems and services? And how can we enable end users, such as consumers, to control their Fog services? Addressing these challenges necessitates rethinking of the end-to-end network and computing architectures. The information and communication technology industries, from chipmakers to networking companies to software companies, have begun to devote significant efforts to develop Fog computing technologies. A global industry-academia consortium - the Open Fog Consortium - has been launched with participation from major industry movers to accelerate market adoption of the Fog computing and to develop an open Fog architecture. The many profound research challenges in Fog computing and networking are also drawing a booming interest in the academia. In this panel, experts from industry and academia will discuss their visions for a) fog computing, communications, storage and control, and b) the challenges on the road ahead to making fog practical as an enabling architecture for applications such as IoT, 5G and Big Data.